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Die vedischen Schriften

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"Ich weile im Herzen eines jeden, und von mir kommen Erinnerung, Wissen und Vergessen. Das Ziel aller Veden ist es, Mich zu erkennen. Wahrlich, ich bin der Verfasser des Vedānta, und ich bin der Kenner der Veden." (Bhagavad-gītā 15.15)
[Mit diesen Worten unterweist uns der Höchste Herr, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, in der Bhagavad-Gītā.]

Folgende bedeutende vedische Schriften sollen hier in Kürze vorgestellt werden:

Die Schriften Rupa, Sanātana und Jiva Goswamis

vande 'ham sri-guroh sri-yuta-pada-kamalam sri-gurun vaiṣṇavams ca
sri-rupam sagrajatam saha-gana-raghunathanvitam tam sa-jīvam
sadvaitam savadhutam parijana-sahitam kṛṣṇa-caitanya-devam
sri-radha-kṛṣṇa-padan saha-gana-lalita-sri-visakhanvitams ca

"I offer my respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of my spiritual master and unto the feet of all Vaiṣṇavas. I offer my respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Śrīla Rupa Gosvami along with his elder brother Sanātana Gosvami, as well as Raghunatha Dasa and Raghunatha Bhatta, Gopala Bhatta, and Śrīla Jiva Gosvami. I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Kṛṣṇa Caitanya and Lord Nityananda along with Advaita Acarya, Gadadhara, Śrīvasa, and other associates. I offer my respectful obeisances to Śrīmati Radharani and Śrī Kṛṣṇa along with Their associates, Śrī Lalita and Visakha."

Die als die sechs Goswamis bekannten Heiligen Sanātana Goswami, Rupa Goswami, Raghunatha Dasa, Raghunatha Bhatta, Gopala Bhatta und Jiva Goswami sind Nachfolger Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhus und acaryas in der Gaudiya Vaiṣṇava Sampradaya. Sie lebten vor ca. 500 Jahren in Indien. Rupa Goswami und Sanātana Goswami waren Brüder und Jiva Goswami war ihr Neffe. Nachdem Rupa und Sanātana Goswami bei Śrī Caitanya Zuflucht gesucht hatten und von ihm in der Wissenschaft des hingebungsvollen Dienstes zu Kṛṣṇa unterrichtet worden waren, bekamen Sie vom Herrn den Auftrag, im heiligen Ort Vrndavana zu leben und wurden von ihm ermächtigt Bücher über bhakti-yoga zu verfassen, hingebungsvollen Dienst zu Kṛṣṇa zu predigen und Tempel zu errichten. Jiva Goswami suchte bei den Lotosfüßen Śrī Nityananda Prabhus Zuflucht und wurde von ihm beauftragt, sich seinen Onkeln in Vrndavana beizugesellen.

Śrīla Sanātana Goswami verfaßte Śrī Bhāgavatāmṛta, Hari-bhakti-vilasa, Dasama-tippani (ein Kommentar zum 10. Canto des Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam) und viele andere Schriften. Bhakti-rasamṛta-sindhu, Ujjvala-nilamani, Dana-keli-kaumudi, Vidagdha-madhava und Lalita-madhava sind einige der vielen Schriften, die Śrīla Rupa Goswami verfaßte. Seine Schriften umfassen über 100000 Verse. Śrīla Jiva Goswami verfaßte Bhagavat-sandarbha (oder Sat-sandarbha), Gopala-campu und andere Schriften. Seine Schriften umfassen über 400000 Verse.

Im Caitanya-Caritāmṛta, Antya-līlā, Kap. 4, Vers 217 - 236 schreibt Śrīla Kṛṣṇadas Kaviraja Goswami:

"Śrīla Rupa Gosvami and Sanātana Gosvami were previously ministers directly in charge of the government of Nawab Hussain Shah, and they were also householders, but later they became gosvamis. A gosvami, therefore, is one who executes the will of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. The title "gosvami" is not an inherited designation; it is meant for a person who has controlled his sense gratification and dedicated his life to executing the order of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. Therefore Śrīla Sanātana Gosvami and Śrīla Rupa Gosvami became genuine gosvamis after dedicating their lives to the service of the Lord." [Erläuterung zu Vers 217 von Śrīla Bhaktivedanta Swami]

Śrīla Rupa Gosvami and Sanātana Gosvami collected many revealed scriptures, and from the evidence in those scriptures they excavated all the lost sites of pilgrimage. Thus they established temples for the worship of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

Śrīla Sanātana Gosvami compiled the Bhāgavatāmṛta. From this book one can understand who is a devotee, what is the process of devotional service, and who is Kṛṣṇa, the Absolute Truth.

Śrīla Sanātana Gosvami wrote a commentary on the Tenth Canto known as Dasama-tippani, from which we can understand the transcendental pastimes and ecstatic love of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

He also compiled the Hari-bhakti-vilasa, from which we can understand the standard behavior of a devotee and the full extent of a Vaiṣṇava's duty.

Śrīla Sanātana Gosvami also compiled many other books. Who can enumerate them? The basic principle of all these books is to show us how to love Madana-mohana and Govindaji.

Śrīla Rupa Gosvami also wrote many books, the most famous of which is Bhakti-rasamṛta-sindhu. From that book one can understand the essence of devotional service to Kṛṣṇa and the transcendental mellow one can derive from such service.

Śrīla Rupa Gosvami also compiled the book named Ujjvala-nilamani, from which one can understand, to the fullest limits, the loving affairs of Śrī Śrī Radha and Kṛṣṇa.

Śrīla Rupa Gosvami also compiled two important dramas named Vidagdha-madhava and Lalita-madhava, from which one can understand all the mellows derived from the pastimes of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

Śrīla Rupa Gosvami compiled 100,000 verses, beginning with the book Dana-keli-kaumudi. In all these scriptures he elaborately explained the transcendental mellows of the activities of Vrndavana.

The son of Śrī Vallabha, or Anupama, Śrīla Rupa Gosvami's younger brother, was the great learned scholar named Śrīla Jiva Gosvami.

After renouncing everything, Śrīla Jiva Gosvami went to Vrndavana. Later he also wrote many books on devotional service and expanded the work of preaching.

In particular, Śrīla Jiva Gosvami compiled the book named Bhāgavata-sandarbha, or Sat-sandarbha, which is the essence of all scriptures. From this book one can obtain a conclusive understanding of devotional service and the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

He also compiled the book named Gopala-campu, which is the essence of all Vedic literature. In this book he has exhibited the ecstatic loving transactions and pastimes of Radha and Kṛṣṇa in Vrndavana.

In the Sat-sandarbha Śrīla Jiva Gosvami set forth the truths about the transcendental love of Kṛṣṇa. In this way he expanded 400,000 verses in all his books.

When Jiva Gosvami wanted to go to Mathura from Bengal, he requested permission from Śrīla Nityananda Prabhu.

Because of Jiva Gosvami's relationship with Rupa Gosvami and Sanātana Gosvami, who were greatly favored by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, Lord Nityananda Prabhu placed His feet on the head of Śrīla Jiva Gosvami and embraced him.

Lord Nityananda Prabhu ordered, "Yes, go soon to Vrndavana. That place has been awarded to your family, to your father and uncles, by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, and therefore you must go there immediately."

By the order of Nityananda Prabhu, he went and actually achieved the result of His order, for he compiled many books for a long time and preached the cult of bhakti from Vrndavana.

These three--Rupa Gosvami, Sanātana Gosvami and Jiva Gosvami--are my spiritual masters, and so also is Raghunatha dasa Gosvami. I therefore offer prayers at their lotus feet, for I am their servant.